Fieldwood Heritage Society

Canning, Kings County, Nova Scotia

Telephone Directory 1954

Page 40: Acker-Ells

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Canning telephone directory, January 1954, page 40: Acker-Ells
Maritime Telegraph & Telephone Company
Western District telephone directory
Effective January 1954

Private line telephones: nbr.
Bank of Nova Scotia 24
J.D. Bennett, coal dealer 84
Vernon Bennett 1
Blenkhorn & Sons Axe Factory 25
Lady Borden 19
Dominion Atlantic Railway, Canning station 8
Ells & Mosher 13
Nova Scotia Light & Power Company, Canning 46
Very few of these telephones were connected to a "private line". A private line service had just one telephone connected.

An inspection of the telephone numbers shown in this 1954 phone book reveals that all but one of the private-line telephones connected to the Canning Exchange were located in Canning itself.

The only private-line service outside of Canning was to telephone number 94 in Lower Canard. Two phones in two separate buildings were connected to this line, but it qualifies as a private line because there was only one subscriber – both phones were used by the same business.

There were no private-line telephones in Kingsport, or Blomidon, or Sheffield Mills. The reason is that a private line required two wires to be installed, to be used only for this one telephone, all the way from the Telephone Exchange building (on Main Street in Canning) to the location of the private-line phone.

If a business in Kingsport wanted a private-line phone, the telephone company would have to install a two-wire circuit from the Canning Exchange to the Kingsport business office; this circuit could not be used for any purpose other than that one telephone.

A party line to Kingsport or Scotts Bay or Sheffield Mills required the same two-wire circuit as a private line, but the cost of the circuit could be divided among all of the phones on the party line.

In the case of a private line, the entire cost of the circuit had to be charged to one subscriber. This made a private-line telephone connection more expensive than a party line connection.
Party line telephones:
Most of these telephones were on a "party line". A party line had two or more telephones, in two or more homes or businesses, connected together in series.  (A "series" connection is well known to everyone who works with electricity. It means that the same electric current circulates through all the connected components.)  The same electric current travelled through all of the telephones on a party line, which meant that anyone listening at any of the telephones could hear whatever was being said by anyone else on that line.

A party line could have ten or fifteen connected telephones, and some party lines had as many as twenty.

It was the policy of the telephone company that no party-line telephone number would have a digit greater than five.  For example, consider 128-25, the phone number (above) for C.J. Bigelow in Medford.  You asked for this number by saying "one twenty eight ring twenty five" – meaning that the operator would connect to circuit (line) 128 and then, to that line, would deliver two long rings (for the first digit, 2) and five short rings (for the second digit, 5).  Every telephone on that circuit would sound two long and five short rings.  Everyone within earshot of any of these phones would have to stop whatever they were doing to count the rings.  When the ringing was completed, the called telephone would be answered, and the others would not (unless someone wanted to listen in).  The point is this, if you had telephone 128-25, you would have to count the rings to know if there four short rings or five – only four meant 128-24, not your number, while five meant 128-25, and this call was for you.  Likewise, whoever had phone number 128-24 had to count the rings, to know if this was their call or not.  With fifteen or twenty telephones on one party line, every phone sounded every ring for all phones on that line.  If the phone numbers were assigned numbers like 128-
Party line customers had a special form of telephone number.
    117-22 was phone number 22 on party line 117.
    140-14 was phone number 14 on party line 140.
    40-5 was phone number 5 on party line 40.

For example:
    42-2 (S. Borden, Lower Canard)
    42-4 (C.F. Weisner, Lower Canard)
    42-5 (S. Eaton, Lower Canard)
    42-11 (W.H. Eaton, Lower Canard)
    42-24 (H.C. Eaton, Lower Canard)
were all on the same party line.
Note that all of these are located in Lower Canard.
A party line served a particular geographic location.
One party line [42-nn] was built southward through Lower Canard, another [34-nn] was built northward toward Scotts Bay, others [9-nn, 14-nn, 52-nn, 68-nn] westward toward Sheffield Mills, and so on.

1954 Canning Telephone Directory: page 1
1954 Canning Telephone Directory: Acker-Ells (above)
1954 Canning Telephone Directory: Faulkner-Maritime
1954 Canning Telephone Directory: Martin-West
1954 Canning Telephone Directory: West-Young

Canning Telephone History

History of Telephone Companies in Nova Scotia

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First uploaded to the WWW:   2005 January 04
Latest update:   2006 December 17