Fieldwood Heritage Society
Canning, Kings County, Nova Scotia
This record (above) is an uncommon example of a 78rpm vinyl
disc. For decades, all 78rpm records were made of shellac, a
heavy, brittle, easily-broken material. Then, in 1942-43, shellac
suddenly became scarce because of disruptions due to WW2.
For some years before 1940, record manufacturers had been
experimenting with materials other than shellac for making
records. When shellac became hard-to-get and expensive, these
alternative materials were pressed into production. The best
of these alternative materials was polyvinyl chloride (PVC),
usually called "vinyl". This change of material came only a few
years before 78s were replaced by 45s and 33s. While 45s and
33s were made of vinyl from the beginning, 78s made of vinyl
were produced for only a few years. Most of the vinyl 78s now
surviving are children's records, which were the main focus of
vinyl 78 production after the mid-1940s. The nearly-unbreakable
aspect of vinyl records was obviously a big advantage for records
made for children to handle.
|Wilf Carter's records|
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